Pedro Laín Entralgo (1908-2001)
He earned his bachelor"s degrees in Chemistry and Medicine from the University of Madrid. After a brief stay in Valencia, he earned his doctorate in 1941 for his thesis entitled "The problems of relations between Medicine and History".
Closely related to Dionisio Ridruejo and his group of Fallangist intellectuals, he became Professor of History of Medicine at the University of Madrid in 1942. In 1943, he boosted the creation of the Institute of History of Medicine "Instituto Arnau de Vilanova de Historia de la Medicina" within the National Scientific Research Council "Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas".
In 1952, he was appointed as Rector of the university by the Ministry Joaquín Ruiz Giménez, and he was committed to the timid open-mindedness movement that the Ministry promoted. The first relevant students protest in 1965 would determine the dismissals of both of them.