International Relations, Global Governance and Development Cooperation

The objective of the “International Relations, Global Governance and Development Cooperation” program is to study the processes of change within international society and the growing demand for global governance, with special attention devoted to policies, institutions and key actors – multilateral, regional, State and non-State – in international development cooperation. This entails a broad agenda that will identify and select especially relevant themes for priority research. The selection of these themes depends on their congruency with past research and with emergent trends.

In such a way, we intend to advance and encourage further research, as well as the academic programs and courses unique to the ICEI, by engaging in projects and doctoral dissertations with graduate students enrolled at the University Complutense.

Research topics for 2012-2013:  


  • Contemporary regionalism in Latin America:

This project will examine the evolution of a number of regionalist strategies in Latin America and their significance as mechanisms for regional governance, for the provision of public goods, and as strategies of international cooperation, foreign policy and socioeconomic development. In particular, it will study the ramifications of “post-liberal regionalist” and “open regionalist” experiences under UNASUR, CELAC and the Pacific Alliance, in addition to the current framework of regional and sub-regional economic integration in the region. Special attention will be devoted to the implications of these networks for external actors such as Spain and the European Union.

In this endeavor we have enlisted the participation of José Antonio Sanahuja as an ICEI researcher for the Hemisphere in Flux project, as well as that of American University (Washington DC, USA), Sao Paulo University (Brazil) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) (Buenos Aires, Argentina), coordinated by Andrés Serbin, Tulio VIgevani and Eric Hershberg.

As part of his graduate studies, Francisco J. Verdes-Montenegro will focus on issues involving security and defense in the context of “post-liberal” regionalism and to understand the structural transformations that are manifesting in the region due to the practices and narratives employed by UNASUR, ALPA-TCP, and most recently CELAC. The ultimate goal of this research will be to encourage these regional networks to respond to the security risks that threaten the people of Latin America. 

Lastly, this project utilizes the latest research from Professor Sergio Caballero concerning, on the one hand, the concept of collective identity within the framework of Latin American regionalism in contrast to the strong nationalism within the Latin American states after their independence; and, on the other hand, the application of “critical security studies” in the case of South America and, more specifically, security in the context of integration mechanisms like UNASUR, able to act not only in classic inter-State conflicts (eg. Colombia-Venezuela, 2008) but also in intra-State conflicts (eg. the separatist violence in Bolivia, 2008) and regional non-state threats (eg. drug trafficking and organized crime, the environment, etc.).

  • Spain, the European Union, Latin America and the Caribbean: inter-regionalism and bi-regional cooperation:

This project will examine the relations between the European Union, Spain, Latin America and the Caribbean from the perspective of inter-regionalism, taking into account its main components: political dialogue, development cooperation, and trade negotiations. In particular, it will examine the foundations, rationale, problems and new perspectives on bi-regional relationships via the changes observed both in Latin America and the EU, and in an international context that is perceived as multipolar but characterized above all else by its increasingly transnational nature.

  • Policies for international aid and development cooperation beyond 2015:

This project will analyze the narratives, actors and proposals that will define the governance, goals and multilateral norms pertinent to the international system of cooperation and aid development in the immediate future, beginning with the year 2015 when the Development Objectives of the Millennium (ODM) will no longer be enforced. We will analyze, in particular, how the following themes influence this discussion: the processes of change in the nature, sources and patterns of the distribution of power and wealth within the international system and the rise of emergent countries; new cartography and relevant maps of poverty and inequality; the relationship between developmental objectives and the realities of global economic governance; safety and environmental agendas, and other dimensions of international development cooperation. Special attention will also be devoted to relevant Spanish and EU policy.

Projects / Collaborations / Activities
  • 2012. Degree in Inter-Southern Cooperation in Latin America (through the National University of San Martín - UNSAM.) Funded by the Program of Inter-Southern Cooperation, General Ibero-American Council (SEGIB)
  • 2010. P4R. Apertura Española. Introductory course in developmental cooperation. Classes on the international system of cooperation in development.
  • 2010. Fundación Carolina. A study on decentralized cooperation and the division of labor in the EU. 
  • 2009. Fundación Carolina. A study on decentralized cooperation and the efficacy of international aid.
  • 2006-2009 Collegiate Network of Collaborative Research (City of Madrid). Strategic evaluation of codevelopmental intervention in the austro ecuatoriano (with the Politécnica University of Madrid).




  • Sanahuja, J. A. (2012). “Regionalismo post-liberal y multilateralismo en Sudamérica: El caso de UNASUR”, en A. Serbin, L. Martínez y H. Ramanzinijr. (Coords.), El regionalismo “post–liberal” en América Latina y el Caribe: Nuevos actores, nuevos temas, nuevos desafíos. Anuario de la Integración Regional de América Latina y el Gran Caribe 2012, Buenos Aires, CRIES, pp. 19-72
  • Sanahuja, J. A. (2012). “Prólogo”, en Guillermo Vázquez, Integración regional y apertura comercial en Centroamérica, Madrid, Plaza y Valdés, 2012, ISBN 978-84-15271-43-7, pp. 13-17
  • Sanahuja, J.A. (2014) "UNASUR: logros y retos" en Ortiz M.S. (comp.) en La Diplomacia de las Cumbres: Retos y Oportunidades de los Nuevos Regionalismos, FLACSO Secretaría General, San José, pp. 55-60.
  • Verdes-Montenegro, F. J. (2012) "Inter-regional relations & security:  UNASUR as a window of opportunity to deepen the EU-LAC cooperation?". Ponencia presentada en el panel “Lights and Shadows in European Union-Latin America Relations: Inter-regionalism in Construction?”, XXIIº Congreso Mundial de Ciencia Política, Madrid 2012.
  • Verdes-Montenegro, F. J. (2012). Régionalisme posliberal et (in)sécurité : la réponse de l´ALBA et l´UNASUR auxquestions de securité du point de vue des citoyens. Actas del coloquio anual del Instituto de las Américas, Rennes (Francia), noviembre 2011. [En prensa] 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2009): “Crisis Política en Honduras: ¿adolescencia o madurez democrática?”, Revista Electrónica Iberoamericana, Vol.3, Nº 2, pp. 29-62. 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2010): “Convergencia real en Centroamérica. Evidencia empírica para el período 1990-2005”. ICEI WorkingPapers, WP07/10, 29p. ISBN: 978-84-693-4590-0 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2010): “Convergencia real en Centroamérica: evidencia empírica para el periodo 1990-2005”. Actas de la XII Reunión de Economía Mundial. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Santiago de Compostela, 26-28 de mayo. ISBN: 978-84-693-2619-0. 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2010): “Nacimiento y ocaso de la Federación de Centroamérica: ¿realidad o juego de intereses?”. Actas del III Seminario Identidad Cultural Latino-Americana (SICLA): "la independencia de América. Primer centenario y segundo centenario". Escuela de Estudios Hispanoamericanos (CSIC). Sevilla, 14-16 de septiembre. ISBN: en proceso. 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2010): “Convergencia real en Centroamérica: evidencia empírica para el periodo 1990-2005”. Actas del XIV Encuentro de latinoamericanistas españoles. Congreso internacional. 1810-2010: 200 años de Iberoamérica. Consejo Español de Estudios Iberoamericanos, Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios Americanistas “Gumersindo Busto”, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Santiago de Compostela, 15-18 de septiembre. ISBN: 978-84-9887-290-3. 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2011): “Crisis política en Honduras: ¿negociación coherente o huida hacia delante?”. Documento de Trabajo de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 64p. ISBN: 978-84-694-6755-8 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2011): “Nacimiento y ocaso de la Federación de Centroamérica”, Revista Complutense de Historia de América, Vol.37, 2011, pp. 253-275. Revista con índice de impacto internacional: SCOPUS, Q4. 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2012): Análisis económico de la Unión Europea. Dykinson. Madrid. ISBN: 978-84-15455-64-6. 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2012): “Convergencia real en Centroamérica. Evidencia empírica para el período 1990-2010”, Revista Electrónica Iberoamericana, Vol.6, Nº 1, enero-junio, 2012, pp. 98-120. 
  • Vázquez, Guillermo (2012): Integración económica y apertura comercial en Centroamérica. Plaza y Valdés. Madrid. ISBN: 978-84-15271-43-7. Editorial incluida dentro del European Union Publishers" Forum. 



  • Sanahuja, J. A. (2011). “La Unión Europea y la promoción del regionalismo y la integración regional en América Latina”, en Pedro Morazán (coord.), Una nueva política de cooperación al desarrollo de la Unión Europea con América Latina: énfasis en cohesión social, integración regional y cooperación Sur-Sur. Bruselas, Dirección General de Políticas Exteriores de la Unión. Parlamento Europeo, documento PE 433.775 (ES), pp. 74-104 (31 páginas)
  • Sanahuja, J. A. (2011). “América Latina y la Unión Europea: estrategias y opciones tras la Cumbre de Madrid”, en JosetteAltmann, Tatiana Beirute y Francisco Rojas Aravena y (coords.) América Latina y el Caribe: ¿Integrados o Marginados?.Buenos Aires, Teseo/Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO), Colección Relaciones Internacionales, pp. 33-68
  • Sanahuja, J. A. (2012). “The European Union and the promotion of regionalism and regional integration in Latin America”, in Pedro Morazán (Coord.), A New European Union Development Cooperation Policy with Latin America. Brussels, European Parliament, Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union, ISBN 978-92-823-3719-6,document PE 433.775 (EN), pp. 71-102 (31 páginas). Resumen en francés: Une nouvellepolitique de coopérationaudéveloppement de l"UEavecl"Amérique latine, ISBN 978-92-823-3729-5. Resumen en alemán: EineneuePolitik der Entwiklungszusammenarbeit der EU mitLateinamerika, ISBN 978-92-823-3726-4
  • Sanahuja, J. A. (2012). “Las cuatro crisis de la Unión Europea”, en Manuela Mesa (Coord.), Cambio de ciclo: crisis, resistencias y respuestas globales. Anuario CEIPAZ 2012-2013, Madrid, CEIPAZ, ISSN 2174-3665, pp. 51-83



  • Sanahuja, J. A. (2012). “Paz, seguridad y cooperación al desarrollo, diez años después del 11-S: el impacto el antiterrorismo y la ‘securitización’ de la ayuda”, en E. Conde (Coord.), terrorismo y legalidad internacional. Madrid, Dykinson, pp. 265-305


Program Director
José Antonio Sanahuja

José Antonio Sanahuja


For more information on Professor Sanahuja´s research, click here.


  • UCM Researchers:
    • Celestino del Arenal Moyúa (Professor of International Relations) [+info]
    • Isaías Barreñada (Professor of International Relations) [+info]
    • Francisco J. Verdes-Montenegro Escánez (Predoctoral Researcher) [+info]
  • Other researchers:
    • Sergio Caballero Santos (Autónoma University of Madrid) [+info]
    • Guillermo Vázquez Vicente (King Juan Carlos University) [+info]